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 About Antalya

When King Attalos first set eyes on Antalya he dubbed it "Paradise on Earth". Its fertile soil and natural harbour made it ideal for settlers throughout the ages. Antalya has had an extremely chequered history. The Persians, Alexander the Great, The Romans the Arabs and many more have all left their mark on the area over the centuries but no one more so than King Attalos of Pergamon who in 159 B.C.gave the region its name Attalia, from which we derive the modern name Antalya.

Antalya and its environs enjoyed a golden era in the first and second centuries A.D., reflected in the magnificence and multitude of cities to be found at that time of which Side and Aspendos in the east and Phaselis, Olympos and Xanthos in the west are just a few.

Those days of glory began to fade however during the Byzantium period at the turn of the 3rd century A.D. with the fall of Constantinople as the capital of East Rome.

Later the Arab invasions with their plundering and pillaging signalled the final demise of these great cities. And in 1207 the regions of Antalya and Alanya came to be associated with the Selchuks.

Today the city of Antalya is again reliving a golden age. It has been transformed into a cultural and touristic hub with much on offer to satisfy the discerning visitor - whether its a guided tour through ancient ruins, a fun packed family holiday or just a romantic boat trip on the sea. Whatever it is you are looking for Antalya has it all.

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE PROVINCE OF ANTALYA

·  Evidence of human habitation dating back over 200 000 years has been unearthed in the Carain caves 30 km to the north of Antalya city. Other findings dating back to Neolithic times and more recent periods show that the area has been populated by various ancient civilizations throughout the ages.

·  Records from the Hittite period (when the first recorded political union of Anatolian cities was set up calling itself the Lycian league) refer to the area as the Lands of Arzarwa and document the lively interaction going on between the provinces in 1700 BC.

·  Historical records document how cities developed independently, how the area as a whole was called Pamphilia and how a federation of cities was set up in the province. There is also a record of the migration of the Akha Clan to the area after the Trojan war.

·  The reign of the Kingdom of Lydia in the west Anatolia came to an end in 560 BC after the Persians defeated it during the battle of Sardis in 546 BC.

·  From 334 BC until his death, Alexander the Great conquered the cities of the area one by one - leaving out Termessos and Silion- and so continued the sovereignty of the Persians.

·  With the defeat of the Seleucid army at Apamaea began the reign of the Kingdom of Pergamon. In 150 BC Attalos the 2nd, king of Pergamon, founded the city of Attalaia (today’s Antalya) to base his powerful naval fleet.

·  When Attalos the 3rd, the last king of Pergamon, died in 133 BC he left his kingdom to the Romans. The Roman and subsequent Byzantine Empires ruled the area for the next 13 centuries.

·  In 1207 A.D. the Selchuk Turks conquered Antalya and then Alanya in 1220 A.D.This marked the end of Roman/Byzantine rule.

·  Ottoman rule began in 1391. The brief occupation of the area by the Italians came to an abrupt end after the First World War with the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923. The area is now registered as a province of the Republic of Turkey.

GEOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS

·  Situated on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, in South Anatolia,

·  The Antalya Gulf covers an area of 20.815 square kilometres.

·  Over three quarters of the region is covered by mountainous terrain called the Tauraus Mountains.

·  Some ten of these mountains are over 2500 metres high with two exceeding 3000 metres .

·  About 60 % of the region is covered within pine forest and Mediterranean plant life.

·  There are many independent rivers flowing down from the mountains into the sea.

·  The Antalya plains offer fertile soil for agriculture.

·  290 km of the 590 km coast is natural beach.

·  The geographical richness of Antalya has attracted many diverse civilizations over the centuries.

MOUNTAINS IN THE AREA

Antalya is surrounded with high mountains from east to west. On Tauraus Mountains at Saklikent Ski-Center skiing and on Beydaglari Jeep Safari-Trekking-Mountaineering are possible. In some seasons, hunting is also allowed.

·  Names of mountains in the area are: Akdag, Susuz Daglar, Alacadag, Beydaglari, Tahtali Dag, Geyik Daglari

·  The highest peaks are: Kizlar Sivrisi (3086 meters), Akdag (3024 meters)

HIGH PLATEAUX

·  In the west the plateaux are: Ördübek, Uçarsu, Gömbe, Gödene, Yesilyayla. Taskesik

·  In the east the pleteaux are: Akçaalan, Kesikbel, Avason, Gücer, Ikiz, Dumanli, Derme, Aliç, Topalceviz, Beloluk, Güglenpinari, Geris, Güzelsu, Mesat, Sülek, Dereköy, Mahmutseydi, Pinarbasi, Gedevet.

THE MAJOR RIVERS

·  The rivers in the area are: Esen, Demre, Aksu, Köprü, Manavgat, Alara, Sedir

·  The streams are: Akçay, Alakir, Acisu, Varsak, Bogaçay, Arapsuyu, Düden, Karpuz, Çolakli, Çavusköy, Delice, Dim, Biçki, Ince Agri, Kalediran

THE MAJOR PLAINS

The vast plains of the area are ideal for the cultivation of citrus fruits and greenhouse produce.

·  Along the coast are the plains of: Kumluca, Finike, Tekirova, Manavgat, Alanya, Gazipasa

·  Inland : Tekeli ve Taseli Plateaux, Elmali, Mügren, Kizilcadag, Korkuteli

MAIN BEACHES

Antalya is famous for its long stretches of beach, most of them awarded with the Blue Flag. Patara in the east is the longest natural sandy beach. Phaselis and Adrasan are two other beaches famous for their natural beauty and ancient ruins. Konyaalti beach within the city boundary is a pebble beach and has also been awarded the Blue Flag. It has recently undergone a transformation and is now a popular hotspot for beach clubs and bars. It is the only project of its kind in Turkey. Side Incekum in the west is a very well-known sandy beach.

·  Beaches to the east are: Patara, Kaputas, Çayagzi, Finike, Kumluca, Çirali, Adrasan, Tekirova, Phaselis, Çalticak, Topçam, Sarisu, Konyaalti

·  To the west are: Lara, Belek, Kumköy, Kadriye, Ahmediye, Alara, Incekum, Alanya, Kaledran, Biçki, Koru Meydani, Hacimusa

 

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